Walker Learning Approach

Play-Based and Personalised Learning for Preschool to Year 8

The Walker Learning Approach is the first major Australian based total and holistic pedagogy (Preschool to Year 8) to be designed and implemented.

The WLA is based upon decades of research about play-based and personalised learning and social constructivism. It is not a program or an inquiry model sitting discreetly or separately from other curriculum areas. It is a total approach to teaching and learning which combines the need for children to be active participants in their learning (through hands-on and creative exploration and investigation) which sits alongside formal instruction. There is explicit teaching and development of not only literacy and numeracy skills and knowledge, but also the range of vital social, emotional and life skills.

The Walker Learning Approach is the first pedagogy to be designed for Australian schools, successfully providing teaching and learning which:


    • personalises and engages students in active learning alongside explicit and formalised

    •   is culturally and developmentally appropriate across all demographic regions of the country
        including remote indigenous communities of Arnhem land to elite independent



Personalised Learning at Beaumaris Primary 


The Walker Learning Approach

Compatibility with National Early Years Framework and Australian Curriculum

The Walker Learning Approach is an Australian designed teaching and learning approach

(pedagogy) that authentically personalises learning and is developmentally and culturally

appropriate. Learning is real, relevant and meaningful for all children regardless of their age,

  • culture, family context, socioeconomic background or geographical position. The WLA has been developed over 20 years using an action research model. It places the child at the centre and utilises developmental psychology and biology alongside cultural and environmental influences as its pedagogical platform and the basis for practical application across the Australian setting.

  • International research highlights that educating children requires a systemised approach that embraces family and community (Burnham et al 2007, Otero et al 2011). The WLA is incorporated in a systems based model for the education of the whole child (birth to 12 years) through theories of practice, parent education, empowerment and inclusion, teaching and learning at school, and establishing and sustaining links and networks between family and community. Within this systems model the WLA provides a seamless transition from childcare to preschool, to early and upper primary school and beyond.


Walker Learning Approach

Fact Sheet

Reporter and Photographer Roles - First Three Years of School

The Reporter and Photographer roles are very important integral part of the WLA pedagogy.

These roles need to be engaging, intentional, fun and special for each child. The same tasks should not be regurgitated day after day with little regard for the learning intentions or the individual child.

This fact sheets provides information about how to intentionally determine the reporter and

photographer roles and presents a variety of ideas for the roles.

Sometimes they can be teamed up to work together, or they can each have their own roles.

The key intentions of the reporter (and photographer) role during investigations for children across the first three years of school include:

  • Facilitating children’s social engagement and interactions with their peers (particularly with

  • those who they may not normally associate with)

  • To extend thinking and problem solving skills in relation to finding evidence and examples

  • of specific areas of learning that are linked to current areas of curriculum being learned across the day

  • To provide additional opportunities to extend and link tools and skills in literacy and numeracy as ways of reporting

  • To include aspects of technology as a means for reporting and recording

  • To personalise the role in order to scaffold and extend and build upon each child’s skill and interests

  • To provide opportunities for building self esteem and resilience



Walker Learning Approach

Fact Sheet

Creating Engaging Centres in play and personalised learning

“Open” and “Closed” Experiences

Some of the key goals for children’s learning is to promote in them the ability to think laterally and creatively. To be able to self initiate, to explore the properties and elements of things, to problem solve, to take risks, to think deeply, to construct ideas and meaning, to utilise their own understandings and discover new ones, to become interested in endless possibilities and opportunities and to become increasingly intrinsically motivated to learn, to find out, to try, to have a go and to develop resiliency.

An important aspect of the learning environment is to ensure that children have the opportunity on a regular basis to construct, to create, to explore and investigate in ways that are purposeful, planned, intentional and robust by the teacher and specifically, carefully and strategically set up in ways that foster and develop skills such as problem solving, self initiation, deep level thinking, taking risks,constructing meaning and developing a range of additional skills.

Through play based curriculum, the nature of how and what resources are established, set up,displayed and provided for the children is extremely important.

There are two general terms that can be used to define how technically an authentic play based curriculum learning environment and centres can be set up (or not set up) to promote the above skills.

These terms are known as either “open” or “closed” experiences. Explanations of open / closed experiences for the purposes of this fact sheet are related to the investigations sessions and the children’s own discoveries and use of resources.

Rich print around the room, children’s own writing, texts, posters, labels, the richness of literacy and numeracy, oral language, conversation, children’s own planning and thoughts and ideas will fill the learning spaces every day.

Your own learning intentions that are displayed each morning and on the parent information board along with the focus children and reporter and photographers tasks all provide many opportunities for intentional and purposeful links back to literacy and numeracy.

Creative and open-ended learning centres are an integral and essential element of authentic play based curriculum. Where and how we scaffold, make the links to curriculum areas, skills,literacy and numeracy is through our planning, our tuning in and reflection and our work with the children during investigations. Not through setting up closed activities, which inhibit their own creativity, imagination and thinking.



WLA Education Research Project: Planning and Delivering Immersion

It is exciting to see such engagement and learning through wonderful Education Research Projects (ERPs) being undertaken by children in Years 3 to 8 across the country. Congratulations to theteachers who have developed their skills and knowledge about personalising learning through the ERP.

A common question we are asked by teachers early in their “ERP journey” is how much immersion do we implement and what does it look like? So here’s a fact sheet to answers those questions and a few related issues.

What is Immersion in the WLA ERP?

Immersion is planned and conducted by the teaching team to engage the students in a rich range of experiences and exposure, facts and information about the key learning intentions and subject focus.

It may include:







 Clinic Groups

 Presentations from teachers, professionals and/or community members

 Whole class instruction


Integrated instruction/curriculum in other subject areas (ie Numeracy, Literacy, Arts)

The goal for a successful immersion in the ERP is designed to ensure that any particular or

specific information or outcomes that are deemed necessary for the particular context or class are covered and learned in an engaging way.



WLA (Years 3-8)

Communication Boards: Intentions / Set Up / Operation

The communication board is an integral aspect of the Walker Learning Approach that facilitates student engagement and empowers students to have greater ownership of their learning.

The communication board is dynamic and integrated into all aspects of daily learning and activities. It has a number of key intentions and symbolically represents the core elements of the WLA philosophy: it is far more than a static, stand-alone notice board.

Children enjoy using the communication board and regularly make comments such as:

  • We feel like we are being trusted more
  • We feel more grown up like secondary students
  • We like knowing what is happening during the day
  • It’s good being able to see who has been affirmed and why they were affirmed.
  • It’s great being able to add to the class meeting agenda.

Key Intentions for the Communication Board

To build children’s:

  • Independence
  • Organisation skills
  • Time management.

To assist with:

  • Pro social skills
  • Interactions
  • The ritualization of commencing a day together
  • How to public affirm each other
  • To meet with the teacher informally at the commencement of each day

To have time to:

  • Consider and reflect on issues of the community or world for discussion at class meetings
  • To have opportunity to opt in to clinic groups or to offer to conduct an optional clinic group
  • To be updated with daily notices and events of the class and school community



A Successful Class Meeting

Strategies and Tips

The WLA Class Meeting is one of the most popular and empowering elements of the approach.

Children having the opportunity to learn and discuss community and world issues outside their own world expand their capacity to understand and accept the views and perspectives of others. It also helps in creating a more tolerant and respectful community.

The Key Intentions Underpinning a Class Meeting

  • Expanding children’s minds beyond the immediate and egocentric concerns of peers,

  • arguments and conflicts between themselves into wider community and global issues

  • Assisting children to understand and accept that people’s views, perspective and values may differ from their own and these can be expressed, explored and discussed without personal insults

  • Empowering the voice of the child other than that of the adult

  • Providing leadership opportunity through chairing and leading a Class Meeting

  • Providing practice of responsibility and summation of key points through the recording role

  • Providing opportunities for children in speaking, listening, contributing and meeting procedures



The Learning Environment pdf


Parent Affirmation

"I couldn't agree more with the views of the school, as reinforced by experts like Kathy Walker and David Anderson, that to succeed in life our generation of children is going to need more than literacy and numeracy skills, they are going to need a whole range of social, emotional and life skills too. In this increasingly complex and rapidly changing world it is no longer enough for them just to learn facts and content in school, they need to learn how to research that content themselves, how to make decisions for themselves, how to be self-motivated and initiate ideas, and how to work collaboratively and communicate effectively with each other.


Over the last couple of years it has been really exciting watching my son, who is now in Grade 2, learning all these skills through the Walker Learning Approach. I have loved watching him learn to take responsibility for his own work, self initiating little projects that revolve around whatever he is interested in and using his creative thinking, problem solving skills and research skills to bring them to life whether it be making a little collage on Africa or making a book on Ancient Egypt. I have loved watching him learning how to work collaboratively with others as he has run cafes, worked on plays and put on fashion shows with his classmates. And it has been great watching his self-confidence and oral language skills grow as he has learnt to talk about his investigation projects in front of his class and even present them to other classes.


My daughter who has only just started in Prep is already gaining great independence and self-confidence through finding her own activities to work on and learning to talk about them in front of the class, which is really exciting to watch.


It is still early days for the Walker Learning Approach at Beaumaris Primary and we still have work to do to get it working smoothly across the whole school, but I for one am very glad we have embarked on this journey."